‘Dangerous goods’ are materials or items with hazardous properties which, if not properly controlled, present a potential hazard to human health and safety, infrastructure and/ or their means of transport.
The transportation of dangerous goods is controlled and governed by a variety of different regulatory bodies, operating at both the national and international levels.
Regulatory frameworks incorporate comprehensive classification systems of hazards to provide a taxonomy of dangerous goods; broken down into nine classes according to the type of danger materials or items present.
- Class 1 – Explosives
- Class 2 – Gases
- Class 3 – Flammable Liquids
- Class 4 – Flammable Solids; Spontaneous Combustibles; ‘Dangerous When Wet’ Materials
- Class 5 – Oxidizers; Organic Peroxides
- Class 6 – Toxic Substances; Infectious Substances
- Class 7 – Radioactive Material
- Class 8 – Corrosives
- Class 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods